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Teatro Medici Florence PDF Print
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The Medici Theatre was one of the oldest theaters in Florence, designed by Bernardo Buontalenti for the Medici in the Uffizi complex. The theater, now obsolete, was dismantled at the time of the Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo and today has been divided into rooms of the "primitive" and the Cabinet of drawings and prints.

History

The theater was commissioned by Francis I in 1586 to Bernard Buontalenti for architecture, while the scene, organized with illusionistic perspective, was prepared by G. Bardi. In 1589 the same Buontalenti perfected the work on the recommendation of the new Grand Duke Ferdinando I, after which there was a grand opening during the celebrations for the upcoming wedding of Grand Duke by Christine of Lorraine. Until then, the theater shows for the court were held in the Salone dei Cinquecento in Palazzo Vecchio, where he was also set up a kind of stage.

In the theater were also tested new forms of entertainment, with works of transition towards melodrama, as the recitation of the pilgrimage, where the vocals now exceeded those written.

In the eighteenth century with the invention (in Florence) of the most comfortable theaters in boxes, and the final transfer of the grand-ducal court at the Palazzo Pitti and the Medici Theatre was deserted and dismantled. Finally, there were divided into two floors, where they found the place and the Cabinet of drawings and prints, and the halls of the Uffizi Gallery (second floor), whose last system originated in the '50s, by Giovanni Michelucci and other architects.

Architecture

It was a scene of court, consisting of large room of double height (two storeys), consisting of sloping semi-circular tiers of seats, which gave a richly decorated stage, much like the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza, then inspired to theaters of classical antiquity . At the center of the steps was the stage the Grand Duchy.

The hall was decorated as a roof garden, with statues of animals, probably mimicking the designs of the Cave of Animals in the Villa di Castello: "On an order of grades beginning with the finest faux marble balustrade, which formed a uniformative gallery; from the floor this sorgea a trellis of flowering myrtle, and after this, on top of various plants of every kind of fruit, plenty of apples hanging vedeansi, others bitter, others mature, and even those just out of the flower, and among those walking several plants vedeansi animals such as hares, buck, and other facts so that seemed particularly true in the motion, which 'were around the plants; eranvi lot more birds, some of' them with wings vedeansi almost flying in the air, it ' spaces between window and window were beautiful vases of fragrant plants, and other flowers of all beauty, scattered sweetest smell, and in short with all quest'ornamento facevasi appear most agreeable and a real garden. "

The scene showed in an illusionistic perspective view of Florence, enlivened by several characters, cars and more. Many were the tricks terrain available, with equipment, hatches and supports for hanging the rope with which to "fly" the characters.

The theater itself is only the vestibule, where the left is what once was the entrance to the theater, now the entrance of Prints and Drawings and in front of the three doors of Shelter on the central one, with the doors with carved wooden arms of the Medici, is a bust of Francis I.
 

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Thursday, 02 September 2010 |

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